Gastroparesis is a condition that causes the stomach to empty food contents slowly. Gastro (stomach) + paresis (paralysis) = gastroparesis.
Who may develop gastroparesis? People who have
diabetes who have not managed their blood sugar levels
been taking certain medications such narcotics, calcium channel blockers, and certain antidepressants
recently had surgery where there might be accidental damage to the vagus nerve that controls contraction of the stomach
a past history of an eating disorder
Common symptoms of gastroparesis include
early satiety (feeling full after eating just a small amount of food)
feeling bloated (especially after eating)
waking up feeling nauseous
occasionally vomiting when you begin to eat
never feeling hungry
The uncomfortable feelings that come with gastroparesis can often be resolved with dietary changes to make it easier for the stomach to work:
very small meals (stop eating before you feel full)
chew food very well (less work for the stomach)
stay upright after eating for at least one hour
Changes in food choices will also relieve the discomfort of gastroparesis:
cooked, tender foods are best rather than raw or rough foods
have soft-textured foods without fiber
all foods should be low in fat. That’s right - LOW FIBER.
Changing up foods choices when you have gastroparesis can make a huge difference in how food is digested and then, how folks feel – more energy, for example, is pretty typical.
Fruits and vegetables are best peeled and cooked, rather than raw, for ex., applesauce rather than whole raw apples.
White rice, bread and pasta are digested more easily. White, sour dough, Italian and French breads are good choices.
Low fiber cold cereal such as Cornflakes and Rice Krispies are better than bran flakes.
Lean protein such as Greek yogurt, cheese, eggs, fish and skinless poultry are easier to digest than beef and pork. Beef and pork should be ground or minced.
A healthy menu for gastroparesis:
1 poached egg on 1 slice sourdough toast
light-packed canned peaches, 1/2 cup
skim or 1% milk
tuna salad sandwich on French-style bread
1/2 cup of tomato soup
skim or 1% milk
turkey meatloaf, 1 small slice
Between-Meal Snack Ideas
light-packed canned fruit such as applesauce
cheese slices + saltine crackers
Nilla wafers + skim or 1% milk